The worst thing that a pet owner can go through is watching their four-legged friend go through pain while they can do little to help. Pet diseases can be costly to treat, especially if the condition is chronic. Experts often vouch for mixed breeds because they can resist some conditions like cataracts and hip dysplasia.
However, there are pure breed dogs prone to some major health issues. These diseases are inherent and get passed through genes within a specific breed. We have highlighted five top breeds that you should be wary of. Read on to learn more about these breeds.
1. German Shepherd
Thanks to their tall stature and a no-nonsense attitude, the German Shepherd is among the US’s most loved breeds. They make one of the best guard dogs since they can easily train and take commands without hesitation. Naturally, they are intelligent compared to most large breeds. Even so, German Shepherds require lots of exercises and stimulations to have optimal health.
German Shepherds are prone to hereditary conditions like hip dysplasia. This condition is common in larger breeds of dogs and often culminate in arthritis or lameness. It manifests through the deformation of the hip socket. Another prevalent disease among this breed is degenerative myelopathy. This condition is generally untreatable.
Chihuahuas generally impress with their gentle demeanor. They are playful and hardly get aggressive with anyone. These small-stature dogs are ideal for gentle owners who want a furry friend for up to 14 years. Anecdotal accounts of successful owners indicate that Chihuahuas can live longer if properly immunized and given plenty of exercises.
Even with such unique features, Chihuahuas are prone to various hereditary health conditions such as patellar luxation. This condition can develop into arthritis if not handled properly in the early stages. They are also prone to cardiac complications and eye conditions, which require plenty of exercises to manage.
3. Yorkshire Terrier
The Yorkshire Terrier is the third most popular dog breed in the USA. They are generally beautiful and attractive, thanks to their terrier attitudes that resemble that of a diva. This breed has many personalities hidden beneath that short stature. They are ideal for young families and can do well in an urban environment.
However, the Yorkshire Terrier is prone to both genetically passed conditions and digestive complications. The digestive disorder makes their feeding delicate and has to be monitored closely during meal times. Clinical signs of this condition include coughing while feeding and difficulty in swallowing food.
The genetic condition that the Yorkshire Terrier experiences include a portosystemic shunt. This condition is dangerous and often leads to liver malfunction as toxins accumulate in the blood. In its advanced stages, the disease would often culminate in neurological and behavioral disorders.
4. Labrador Retriever
The Labrador Retriever is the go-to option for most Americans looking for a family dog. They are popular thanks to an unrivaled intelligence and affection that makes them ideal for delicate roles such as caregiving. Generally, they are gentle, loyal, and playful. Their strong energy also means they can be very protective.
Even so, just like many pure breeds, the Labrador Retriever is also prone to genetically passed health conditions. Exercise can manage most of the conditions, such as gaining excess weight. An obese Labrador Retriever will likely develop joint complications because of the extra weight, hence hip and elbow dysplasia.
You should also note that they can easily develop progressive retinal atrophy, which often culminates in blindness.
5. Basset Hound
Basset Hounds are irresistible, thanks to their beautiful floppy ears that make them adorable. They also have sad-sack eyes, which makes them look calm and innocent. This breed is ideal for any pet lover who wants a gentle companion for emotional support.
The qualities of this breed are also their shortcomings to some extent. For instance, the floppy ears pose a danger to their eyes. The droopy skin may block their vision gradually. They also have large ears that are prone to bacterial infection. They’ll need regular cleaning and inspection.
Some of the genetic conditions in Basset Hound include intervertebral disc disease, which often develops to spine disease. It can impend movement if left untreated for long.
When buying a pet dog, kindly ensure that the breed is clear of chronic genetic conditions. If you’re purchasing from a breeder, asking for parents’ certificates can go a long way in helping you make the right decision. For adoption, take the pup to the vet immediately. Your furry friend will only accomplish their intended purpose if they are in good shape at all times.